Review these 10 proactive measures to ensure family care is a good fit for your child.
1. Set expectations from Day One.
Sure, it's grandma, and she can't wait to have one-on-one time with your child. But what do you expect from the arrangement? This should be clear before the arrangement begins. Are your expectations that grandma provides a safe and nurturing environment or do you further want your child to be kept on a strict routine? Do you have certain foods that are "musts" and others that are "no-no's?" Who provides the food and diapers? For younger children, what about formula or baby food items? Are there safety items that should be installed? Who buys them and installs them? These topics must be determined prior to care services beginning.
2. Whose house is the child care services occurring in?
Some relatives offer to keep children at their home; others prefer to watch a child at the child's own residence. There are pros and cons to each scenario, and it really depends on what works best for the caregiver. Some caregivers want to keep a child--especially a young one--at their home so they can continue to meet their own needs and be comfortable in their own surroundings. Others opt to watch a child in the child's own home because that is where clothes and toys are. (Plus, it keeps their home from having to be as "kid-friendly.") Wherever the care is to occur, make sure basic safety needs are met.
3. Discuss payment and hours of care.
Having a relative keep your child doesn't mean you should feel free to go take extra time before picking him up, or being "iffy" about which days to bring her or not. After all, whether it is Aunt Louise, Cousin Pat or your own mom, remember to provide your member of the family with the same common courtesy that would be extended to any other caregiver. Hours of care should be set in advance. Don't forget too that anyone needs a break after a day of caring for a child. And, be sure to discuss payment. Some family members receive payment just like in-home care. Other members may provide the valued service for free, but the parent should still be responsible for purchasing all related care items and food. You should also have a backup plan in place in case your family member becomes ill or your child is sick and should not be around others.
4. Bring a list of "do's" and "don't's" in advance.
If you don't want your child to go to the park and wade in the water, be sure to state that to your caregiver. If you don't want him to watch more than one movie a day, that should be specified as well. If your child's dentist has indicated that juice should be avoided, then tell your relative that your child should only have water or milk. Prefer 1 percent milk only? Let the caregiver know. Keep in mind that while you may have definite preferences and rules, your relatives may not have picked up on those. And, be prepared to be somewhat flexible. If the relative is caring for other children as well, it is unfair to expect that she will be able to keep up with all the different preferences, especially at mealtimes.
5. Establish acceptable disciplinary consequences.
How will grandma and grandpa administer discipline? Do you support time outs, removal of incentives or toys, or occasional spankings? The key is not to debate the discipline, but to establish the consistent method that can be reinforced whatever setting your child is in. Although it may seem unnecessary because of the close relationship, it is important that all family members understand, are comfortable with, and accept how to administer a consequence to a child.
See page 2 for the proactive measures 6-10.